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Useful Materials and Tools in Plumbing

The plumbing system in your home is an important aspect of your home. It plays a crucial role to help maintain the condition and efficiency of your home. If you are planning to repair something in your plumbing system, click here. Well, to help you, here are some useful materials and tools for plumbing projects. 

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    Sink Auger 

A sign auger is considered as one of the most valuable of the different tools for plumbing that you will surely want to have in your toolbox. For breaking and clearing clogs in tubs and sinks, this is a very easy to use a tool. This is not advisable to be used on toilets because toilets require a special tool called closet auger or toilet auger. 

With a steel auger bit on the end, the sink auger consists of a flexible cable. The cable is coined within a drum canister and extends to the drain for it to be able to reach the clog and remove it. As the drum is turned, the cable, as well as the auger, also turns.  A thumbscrew is what locks the cable and the canister. 

    Closet Auger 

To clear clogs in the toilet, a toilet auger is used. Sink augers are designed for a different process so it is not advisable to use it in the toilet or vice versa.  

    Flange Plunger 

To clear clogs in the toilet, the flange plunger or ball plunger is specially designed. It works by applying vacuum as well as the force of water. Unlike a standard cup shaped plunger which is usually used for sinks and tubs, the shape of this plunger seals the hole at the bottom of a toilet bowl. 

    Cup Plunger 

Probably the most common special plumbing tool in your home is the cup plunger. It is used to clear clogs in sinks, showers, and tubs since it has a rubber cup-like shape and handles. This is not advisable for clearing toilet clogs since that will require a flange plunger. 

    Plumber’s Tape 

This is an important material to prevent leakage at threaded plumbing joint connections. To effectively seal pipe threads being joined together for plumbing purposes, such as threaded water connections of water lines and shower heads, you can use a plumber’s tape that is versatile, inexpensive, and common. 

    Adjustable Pipe Wrench 

The quintessential metal plumbing tool is the adjustable pipe wrench. This tool is an iconic symbol of plumbing repair. Tremendous leverage and grip are what this tool provides. It is designed to grip round objects securely by getting its sharp serrated teeth into the pipe which increases pressure as the wrench is turned once you tighten the wrench around the pipe with the use of the knurled knob. 

    Faucet Valve Seat Wrench 

To remove the valve seats on a compression faucet so that it is possible to be replaced, you will need a faucet valve seat wrench. The oldest style of faucet is compression faucets. Against a valve seat in the faucet body, they work by compressing a nylon or rubber washer in the end part of the brass stem down. 

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Basic Types of Pipes Used in Plumbing

Since you have a choice of several kinds of pipe, doing your own plumbing can be quite a confusing experience. You will have a hard time to choose because they can blend together. When the choice was limited to galvanized pipe or galvanized pipe, the answer isn’t a clear as it may have been in the past few years. Here are the types of pipes that can be found at home. 

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PEX  

This is found in supply lines and suitable to be done even if without the help of professionals. This type of pipe is flexible; color coded and has truly delivered water supply plumbing. PEX is simple to join and easy to cut. It yields to logic since it can make 90-degree curves with ease. Plumbing supply lines with PEX is easy for most homeowners. 

    PVC- Polyvinyl Chloride 

Found in drain and vent lines. Because it is lighter and much easier to work compared to traditional galvanized steel pipes, PVC pipe has been a very big deal in the industry of plumbing for the last few decades. 

For drain or waste pipes, as well as stacks, you will generally be using PVC pipe. Because it requires little more than a hacksaw, miter box, and solvents which will eventually stick the pipe together, this makes it very easy to install. 

On the white surface of the pipe, the diameters are clearly marked. Diameter can be determined using a sizing tool such as Pi-piper if you are not able to easily read the mark. 

    Rigid Copper 

Mainly found in supply lines and is also known as the water supply pipe. Using a hacksaw or a special tube cutter, you can easily cut this type of pipe. As it requires a practiced hand to solder copper together, a connection is a different matter. Because it does that carry the health risk that PVS has, a rigid copper pipe is great for water supply. 

ABS 

Except that it is black, this pipe looks exactly like PVC pipes. It is often not allowed anymore by plumbing codes because it is the older version of PVC. Just like PVC, it is also used to drain vent and drain pipes. The best thing that you can do is to replace with PVC if you are working with ABS. 

    Flexible Copper Tubing 

For short runs, flexible copper is used. In tight spots, you can see it leading up to your water heater or for cold water supply. Using a hacksaw, you can easily cut a flexible copper tube and bent to fit around the corners of your home. Flexible copper tubing is not recommended for exterior use because it cannot stand up well to extreme temperatures.  

    Galvanized Steel 

The pipe of popular imagination is the galvanized steel. When you think of a plumbing, it is the pipe that comes into your mind. With each end of the pipe threaded, it is made of galvanized steel. Using connecting joints, individual pipes are screwed into each other.